United Spay Alliance monitors developments in state and local spay/neuter legislation. Spay/neuter laws in the United States are enacted at the state and local levels and cover topics such as—

  • How spay/neuter public assistance programs work, who can qualify for them, and how they are funded;
  • When spay/neuter is mandatory, including whether spay/neuter is required before an animal may be put up for adoption; and
  • How dogs and cats are licensed, which often relates to spay/neuter.

The spay/neuter landscape continues to evolve as new legislation is introduced and enacted by states, counties, and municipalities across the country. You can follow key legislative developments by clicking through the tabs below.

Note: United Spay Alliance has opted to focus for purposes of this list on bills that generate funding for the spaying neutering of cats and dogs from households that qualify as low-income as well as funding for the spaying and neutering of free-roaming cats. The purpose for narrowing the list to these bills is that United Spay Alliance believes such efforts will have the most impact on decreasing the number of unwanted animals. This means that the list does include amending current law to require that shelters spay/neuter adopted animals or require spay/neuter agreements, nor bills to provide for free spaying and neutering of cats and dogs adopted by veterans. At this point the list also does not include appropriations of funds in a state’s budget bill that were not set forth in free-standing bills but they may be added in the future.

Bills Enacted into Law are Highlighted in Green

Alabama
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Alaska
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Arizona
2017: HB2523
Establishes a new, voluntary tax check-off on Arizona’s individual income tax return, allowing taxpayers to contribute to the state’s Spaying and Neutering of Animals Fund.
Status: Enacted into Law
Passed House: 47 (Y) – 11 (N)
Passed Senate: 23 (Y) – 6 (N) – (1)
Signed by Governor Doug Ducey (R)
Primary Sponsor: Rep. Drew John (R)
Code Provisions: A.R.S. §§ 28-2422.01, 28-2422.02, 43-619

SB1101
This is the Senate version of HB2523.
Status: Died in Senate
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Kate Brophy McGee (R)

2018: None
2019: None

Arkansas
2017: None
2018: None
2019: HB1644/Act 494
Appropriates $120,000 to the Arkansas Economic Development Commission for statewide grants to spay/neuter organizations for spay/neuter services.
Status: Enacted into Law
Passed House: 78 (Y) – 5 (N) – 17 (Other)
Passed Senate: 35 (Y) – 0 (N)
Signed by Governor Asa Hutchinson (R)
Primary Sponsor: Rep. Jim Sorvillo (R)

HB 1645
Appropriates $120,000 to the Department of Health for statewide grants to spay/neuter organizations for a Canine Spay and Neuter Statewide Grant Program.
Status: Died in House
Primary Sponsor: Rep. Jim Sorvillo (R)

California
2017: SB-673
Amends the Pet Lover’s License Plate so that funds will be distributed to the Department of Food and Agriculture to administer a grant program for low- or no-cost spay/neuter.
Status: Enacted into Law
Passed Assembly: 77 (Y) – 0 (N) – 2 (Other)
Passed Senate: 40 (Y) – 0 (N)
Signed by Governor Jerry Brown (D)
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Josh Newman (D)
Code Provisions: Cal. Veh. Code § 5168

2018: AB-2300
Allows veterinarians to earn up to six hours of continuing education credit over two years by providing four hours of pro bono spay/neuter services to the companion animals of households with financial need.
Status: Enacted into Law
Passed Assembly: 77 (Y) – 0 (N) – 3 (Other)
Passed Senate: 34 (Y) – 0 (N) – 5 (Other)
Signed by Governor Jerry Brown (D)
Primary Sponsor: Assembly Member Brian Maienscheim (R)
Code Provisions: Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code § 4846.5

2019: SB-637
Extends the sunset date for the voluntary income tax check off to the Prevention of animal Homelessness and Cruelty Voluntary Tax Contribution Fund to January 1, 2023, but allows for it to be repealed earlier if it does not reach a minimum contribution of $250,000
Status: Pending in Assembly
Passed Senate: 38 (Y) – 0 (N)
Primary Sponsors: Assembly Members Marc Levine (D) and Brian Maienscheim (R)

Colorado
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Connecticut 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: SB 999
Amends current law to require cats to be licensed (law already requires dogs to be licensed). Increases the licensing fee and adds a spay/neuter differential so that fee for spayed/neutered cats and dogs is $10 and unspayed/unneutered cats and dogs is $15. A$2 town clerk fee applies to all licenses. Raises portion of license fee that is deposited to the Animal Population Control Account from $2 to $3.
Status: Died in Senate
Primary Sponsor: Environment Committee

Delaware
2017: HB 235
Adds free-roaming cats to the list of qualifying factors for participating in the state low-cost spay/neuter fund (and allows for TNR).
Status: Enacted into Law
Passed House: 40 (Y) – 1 (N)
Passed Senate: 21 (Y) – 0 (N)
Signed by Governor John Carney (D)
Primary Sponsor: Rep. Michael Mulrooney (D)
Code Provisions:  11 Del. C. 1953, § 1325 and 16 Del. C. 1953 §§ 3001F, 3003F, 3004F, 3013F, 3015 and 3018F

2018: SB 114
Updates language in current law regarding the state Spay and Neuter Fund.
Status: Enacted into Law
Passed Senate: 21 (Y) – 0 (N) – (Other)
Passed House: 40 (Y) – 0 (N) – 1 (Other)
Passed by Senate as amended: 21 (Y)
Signed by Governor John Carney (D)
Primary Sponsor: Sen. David Sokola (D)
Code Provisions: 16 Del. C. 1953 §§ 3015F, 3016F, 3017F, 3018F, 3019F and 3021F

2019: None

Florida 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Georgia
2017: HB 253
Amends the law for special license plates promoting dog and cat sterilization to increase the proportion of funds raised that are distributed to the dog and cat reproductive sterilization support program.
Status: Died in Senate
Passed House: 167 (Y) – 0 (N) – 13 (Other)
Primary Sponsor: Rep. Wendell Willard (R)

2018: HB 695
Changes the amount dedicated to a sponsoring agency, fund, or nonprofit organization from funds raised by the special license plate promoting dog and cat sterilization.
Status: Enacted into Law
Passed House: 172 (Y) – 0 (N) – 8 (Other)
Passed Senate: 47 (Y) – 0 (N) – 9 (Other)
Signed by Governor Nathan Deal (R)
Primary Sponsor: Rep. Bubber Epps (R)
Code Provisions: O.C.G.A. §§ 40-2-37(c)(6) and 40-2-86(n)

2019: None

Hawaii
2017: HB122
Appropriation to Department of Health to contract for TNR services for feral cats.
Status: Died in House
Primary Sponsor: Rep. John Mizuno (D)

2018: SB2929
Establishes a Spay/Neuter Council and a Hawaii Spay/Neuter Fund and implements a fee on pet food to be dedicated to the Spay/Neuter Fund for cats and dogs.
Status: Died in Senate
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Mike Gabbard (D)

2019: None

Idaho
2017: None

2018: 
HB540
Creates a pet friendly license plate. A portion of the proceeds of the license plate sales will be used to provide assistance with canine and feline spay and neuter services to low-income residents of Idaho.Status: Died in House
Primary Sponsor: unknown

2019: HB105
Creates a pet friendly license plate. A portion of the proceeds of the license plate sales will be used to provide assistance with canine and feline spay and neuter services to low-income residents of Idaho.
Status: Enacted into Law
Passed House: 54 (Y) – 11 (N) – 5 (Other)
Passed Senate: 25 (Y) – 10 (N) – 0 (Other)
Signed by Governor Brad Little (R)
Primary Sponsor: Reps. Melissa Wintrow (D), Clark Kauffman (R) and James Addis (R)
Code Provisions: Idaho Code § 49-420Q

Illinois
2017: HB3247
Creates an income tax deduction for veterinary clinics in an amount equal to the value of any free spay/neuter services provided to a not-for-profit animal rescue or shelter service not to exceed $2,500 annually per taxpayer.
Status: Died in House
Primary Sponsor: Rep. Christine Winger (R)

SB0641
Amends the Animal Control Act to make changes to the use of funds in the County Animal Population Control Fund. Changes include allowing the funds to be used for the spaying, neutering and vaccination of low-income county residents who are eligible for the Social Security Disability Benefits Program or the Food Stamps Program (formerly it was only the Food Stamps Program) and allowing the funds to be used for recognized feral cat programs. It does not apply to counties with populations of 3 million or more people.
Status: Enacted Into Law
Passed Senate: 47 (Y) – 3 (N) – 0 (Other)
Passed House: 73 (Y) – 37 (N) – 1 (Other)
Signed by Governor Bruce Rauner (R)
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Linda Holmes (D)
Code Provisions: 510 ILC 5/3 and 5/3.5

2018: SB2380
Among other things, amends the Animal Control Act to provide that [all] funds placed in the county animal population control fund (rather than only funds from the $10 set aside of the differential for registration of dogs and cats) may only be used to spay, neuter, or vaccinate certain dogs and cats. [Language added in House Committee Amendment No. 2]
Status: Enacted Into Law
Passed Senate: 52 (Y) -0 (N) – 0 (Other)
Passed House: 110 (Y) – 0 (N) – 0 (Other)
House Committee Amendment No. 2 Concurred to by Senate: 58 (Y) – 0 (N) – 0 (Other)
Signed by Governor Bruce Rauner (R)
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Linda Holmes (D)
Code Provisions: 510 ILC 5/3.5

2019: None

Indiana
2017: SB282
Establishes the Spay-Neuter Grant Program and the Spay-Neuter Fund. Transfers administrative control over forfeited spay/neuter deposits from animal care facilities to the State Board of Animal Health that will use the forfeited deposits for spay-neuter procedures.
Status: Died in House
Passed Senate 49 (Y) – 0 (N)
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Mark Messner (R)

2018: SB161
Established the Spay-Neuter Grant Program and the Spay-Neuter Fund. Transfers administrative control over forfeited spay/neuter deposits from animal care facilities to the State Board of Animal Health that will use the forfeited deposits for spay-neuter procedures.
Status: Died in House
Passed Senate 48 (Y) – 0 (N)
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Mark Messner (R)

2019: HB 1475
Provides an income tax credit of up to $2,000 for veterinarians (sole practitioners or entities) who perform a spay/neuter surgery on a dog or cat at no cost to the owner.
Status: Died in House
Primary Sponsor: Rep. David Abbott (R)

Iowa
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Kansas
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Kentucky
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Louisiana
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Maine 
2017: HP 1104/LD 1601
The bill proposes to phase out the pet food surcharge that is used for spay/neuter so that it will be gone by 2019. The amendment to the bill instead directs that funds generated by the surcharge over $100,000 and up to $157,000 will be deposited into the Animal Welfare Fund. Any funds generated in excess of $157,000 (as well as the funds up to $100,000 as per the original law) will be deposited into the Companion Animal Sterilization Fund.
Status: Enacted Into Law
Passed House: By concurrence
Passed Senate: 34 (Y) – 0 (N) – 1 (Other)
Vetoed by Governor Paul LePage (R) then Veto Overridden by Legislature
House Vote to Override: 125 (Y) – 20 (N) – 6 (Other)
Senate Vote to Override: 33 (Y) – 1 (N)
Primary Sponsor: Rep. Russell Black (R)
Code Provisions:  MRSA §714, sub-§4, as amended by PL 2009, c. 148, §1

2018: None
2019: None

Maryland 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Massachusetts 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: HB 1815
Allows for a voluntary check-off/donation on dog license applications and imposes a surcharge of $2.00 on the legally required rabies certificate.
Status: Pending in House (bill carries over to 2020)
Primary Sponsor: Reps. Jose Tosado (D) and Bud Williams (D)

Michigan 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Minnesota 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Mississippi 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Missouri 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Montana 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Nebraska 
2017: None
2018: None

2019: LB546
Directs the Department of Agriculture to create and administer a low-income grant program for spaying and neutering cats and dogs and to fund with program with the proceeds of a special license plate called the Spay Neuter Awareness Plate.
Status: Pending (bill carries over to 2020) (unicameral legislature)
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Anna Wishart (D)

Nevada
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

New Hampshire 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

New Jersey
2017: S1363
Expands the reduced-cost spay/neuter program to disabled state residents.
Status: Died in the Senate
Primary Sponsor: Michael J. Doherty (R)

2018: S1982
Expands the reduced-cost spay/neuter program to disabled state residents.
Status: Pending in Senate (current session adjourns Jan. 14, 2020)
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Michael J. Doherty (R)

2019: S4034
Enacts the Compassion for Community Cats Law, provides for the spaying and neutering stray of feral cats, and establishes a fund for that purpose.
Status: Pending in Senate (current session adjourns Jan. 14, 2020)
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Brian Stack (D)

New Mexico
2017: HB 123
Establishes a pet food surcharge for spay/neuter surgeries via the Spay and Neuter Subaccount of the existing Animal Care and Facility Fund.
Status: Died in Senate
Passed House: 50 (Y) – 17 (N)
Primary Sponsor: Rep. Carl Trujillo (D)

2018: HB 64
Establishes a pet food surcharge for spay/neuter surgeries via the Spay And Neuter Subaccount of the existing Animal Care And Facility Fund.
Status: Vetoed by Governor Susana Martinez (R)
Passed House: 48 (Y) – 19 (N)
Passed Senate: 30 (Y) – 4 (N)
Primary Sponsor: Rep. Carl Trujillo (D)

SB51
Establishes a pet food surcharge for spay/neuter surgeries via the Spay And Neuter Subaccount of the existing Animal Care And Facility Fund.
Status: Died in House
Passed Senate: 31 (Y) – 8 (N)
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Gay Kernan (R)

2019: HB53
Establishes a pet food surcharge for spay/neuter surgeries via the Spay And Neuter Subaccount of the existing Animal Care And Facility Fund.
Status: Died in House
Primary Sponsor: Rep. Joanne J. Ferrary (D)

SB 367 
Establishes a pet food surcharge for spay/neuter surgeries via the Spay And Neuter Subaccount of the existing Animal Care And Facility Fund.
Status: Died in Senate
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Jacob Candelaria (D)

New York
2017: A01986B
Creates the rescued animals spay and neuter fund and authorized the state tax department to place  a check-off box on income tax returns for taxpayers to contribute money to the fund. [Same as S00610-B]
Status: Died in Senate
Passed Assembly first time: 134 (Y) – 6 (N) and second time 126 (Y) – 7 (N)
Primary Sponsor: Assemblyman Joseph Lentol (D)

A03511
Allocates funding for the New York City Animal Population Control Fund for the animal population control program by declaring that monies that emanate from any resident or source in NYC from certain violations and fees shall be allocated to the NYC animal population control fund.
Status: Died in House
Primary Sponsor: Assemblywoman Linda Rosenthal (D)

A08081A
Provides a tax credit for the cost of spaying or neutering services performed during the taxable year for cats or dogs regardless of where such animals were obtained. 80% of the cost or $200 maximum. [Same as S01678-A]
Status: Died in House
Primary Sponsor: Assemblywoman Linda Rosenthal (D)

S00610
Creates the rescued animals spay and neuter fund and authorized the state tax department to place  a check-off box on income tax returns for taxpayers to contribute money to the fund. [Same as S00610-B]
Status: Died in Senate
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Phil Boyle (R)

S1678
Provides a tax credit for the cost of spaying or neutering services performed during the taxable year for cats or dogs regardless of where such animals were obtained. 80% of the cost or $200 maximum. [Same as A8081A]
Status: Died in Senate
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Jim Tedisco (D)

S06182
Authorizes trapping, spaying or neutering, and releasing of feral cats.
Status: Died in Senate
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Jeffrey Klein (D)

2018: bills from 2017 carried over

2019: A00062
Provides a tax credit for the cost of spaying or neutering services performed during the taxable year for cats or dogs regardless of where such animals were obtained. 80% of the cost or $200 maximum. [Same as S00188]
Status: Pending in House
Primary Sponsor: Assemblywoman Linda Rosenthal (D)

S00188
Provides a tax credit for the cost of spaying or neutering services performed during the taxable year for cats or dogs regardless of where such animals were obtained. 80% of the cost or $200 maximum. [Same as A00062]
Status: Pending in Senate
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Jim Tedisco (R)

A01428
Allocates funding for the New York City Animal Population Control Fund for the animal population control program by declaring that monies that emanate from any resident or source in NYC from certain violations and fees shall be allocated to the NYC animal population control fund.
Status: Pending in House
Primary Sponsor: Assemblywoman Linda Rosenthal (D)

A01656 
Creates the rescued animals spay and neuter fund and authorized the state tax department to place  a check-off box on income tax returns for taxpayers to contribute money to the fund. [Same as S00608]
Status: Pending in Senate
Passed Assembly: 132 (Y) – 5(N)
Primary Sponsor: Assemblywoman Joseph Lentol (D)

S00608
Creates the rescued animals spay and neuter fund and authorized the state tax department to place  a check-off box on income tax returns for taxpayers to contribute money to the fund. [Same as S00608]
Status: Pending in Senate
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Phil Boyle (R)

North Carolina 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

North Dakota
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Ohio (https://www.legislature.ohio.gov)

2017: SB 232
Allows licensed veterinarians to get two continuing education credits for performing free spaying and neutering for humane organizations and shelter. Each surgery nets .5 credit.
Status: Died in Senate Agriculture Committee
Primary Sponsors: Sen. Cecil Thomas (D)

HB 433
Allows licensed veterinarians to get two continuing education credits for performing free spaying and neutering for humane organizations and shelter. Each surgery nets .5 credit.
Status: Died in Senate
Passed House:  88 (Y) – 0 (N)
Primary Sponsors: Reps. Tom Brinkman (R) and Brigid Kelly (D)

2018: None

2019: HB 67
Allows licensed veterinarians to get two continuing education credits for performing free spaying and neutering for humane organizations and shelter. Each surgery nets .5 credit.
Status: Pending in House
Primary Sponsors: Reps. Tom Brinkman (R) and Brigid Kelly (D)

Oklahoma 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Oregon
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Pennsylvania 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Rhode Island 
2017: H 5425
Creates an Ocean State Animal Coalition special license plate with a $40 issuance surcharge. Of that surcharge, $20 is to be allocated to the Coalition to improve the status and well-being of animals in Rhode Island, including subsidizing spay and neuter services for cats and dogs.
Status: Enacted into Law
Passed House: 63 (Y) – 0 (N) – 12 (Other)
Passed Senate: passed in concurrence
Signed by Governor Gina Raimondo (D)
Primary Sponsors: Reps. Patricia Serpa (D), Thomas Winfield (D), Joseph Solomon (D), Dennis Canario (D), Gregory Costantino (D)
Code Provisions: RI Gen L § 31-3-116

2018: None
2019: None

South Carolina 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: S*105
Creates a No More Homeless Pets special license plate with a portion of the funds to be placed in a special account to support local spay/neuter programs.
Status: Enacted into Law
Passed Senate: 38 (Y) – 1 (N)
Passed House: 101 (Y) – 0 (N)
Signed by Governor Henry McMaster (R)
Primary Sponsors: Reps. Paul Campbell, Jr. (R), Vincent Sheheen (D), Daniel Verdin, III (R), Luke Rankin (R)
Code Provisions: S.C. Code Ann. § 53-3-9600

South Dakota
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Tennessee
2017: HB1035
Establishes a reduced cost spay/neuter program for cats and dogs of low-income persons, a spay/neuter fund, and a statewide education program on the benefits of spaying and neutering pets. The spay/neuter fund is to receive fifty cents ($.50) of the fee for rabies vaccination certificate/tags; ten dollars ($10.00) of the fee for the special Animal Friendly license plate; and any funds from appropriations or contributions to the fund.
Status: Died in House
Primary Sponsor: Rep. David Hawk (R)

SB0122
[Same as HB 1035]
Status: Died in Senate
Primary Sponsor: Sen. Richard Briggs (R)

2018: None
2019: None

Texas 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Utah 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Vermont 
2017: H.219
Updates existing law on Vermont’s spay/neuter program so that the Agency of Human Services shall implement the program through a qualified organization unless there is not such qualified organization in which case the Agency may implement the program.
Status: Died in House
Primary Sponsor: Rep. John Bartholomew (D)

2018: None
2019: None

Virginia 
2017: SB 799
Creates the Companion Animal Surgical Sterilization Fund to receive pet food surcharges ($5 per ton) and to be used to pay for spaying and neutering eligible companion animals at no cost or a reduced cost. Eligible animals are the companion animals of low-income owners, feral free-roaming cats or certain shelter/rescue animals.
Status: Died in Senate
Primary Sponsor: Sen. William M. Stanley, Jr. (R)

SB 18
Creates the Companion Animal Surgical Sterilization Fund to receive pet food surcharges ($5 per ton) and to be used to pay for spaying and neutering eligible companion animals at no cost or a reduced cost. Eligible animals are the companion animals of low-income owners, feral free-roaming cats or certain shelter/rescue animals
Status: Died in Senate
Primary Sponsor: Sen. William M. Stanley, Jr. (R)

2018: None
2019: None

Washington
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

West Virginia
2017: HB 2552
Establishes a pet food surcharge to support the West Virginia Spay Neuter Assistance Fund.
Status: Enacted into Law
Passed House: 84 (Y) – 11 (N)
Passed Senate: 28 (Y) – 6 (N)
Primary Sponsor: Del. Matthew Rohrbach (R)
Signed by Governor Jim Justice (R)
Code Provisions: W.Va. Code §§ 19-14-4, 19-14-5

2018: None

2019: HB 2836
Creates a special Spay and Neuter Advocate license plate the proceeds of which will be deposited in the West Virginia Spay Neuter Assistance Fund
Status: Pending in the House
Primary Sponsor: Del. Chad Lovejoy (D)

Wisconsin 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Wyoming 
2017: None
2018: None
2019: None

Total Spay/Neuter Bills Enacted into Law 2017 – 2019: 14
Total Spay/Neuter Bills Introduced but Failed 2017 – 2019 (this may include identical bills in the states other chamber when one chamber’s identical bill was enacted into law): 29
Total Spay/Neuter Bills Pending from 2019: 12
Total Number of States that Introduced Spay/Neuter Legislation 2017 – 2019: 23

We are constantly working to improve this legislative tracking tool. If you know of an important bill that should be added, or if you have a correction, please tell us through the “contact us” web form.

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